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December 1710

Several Unnamed vessels

On December 15th 1710 it was reported that there had been very bad weather the previous week, and several ships were put on shore in the harbour. However all were gotten off with no damage.

January 1711

Unnamed Swedish Vessel

On January 23rd 1711, it was reported that a Swedish ship in ballast, had been driven on shore in Ringabella Bay on the western side of Cork harbour.

August 29, 1715

Kent

On the 29th of August 1715, The Kent, of London, was cast away near Cork. The ship was described as being a galley.

November 22, 1716

William and John

On the 22nd of November, 1716, It was reported that the William and John, of London, bound for the Leeward Islands, was overset at Cork. It was said that she ‘has received little damage’


September 23, 1721

Unnamed French Sloop

On the 23rd of September, 1721, a French sloop. Belonging to the Mississipi Company foundered 10 leagues off Kinsale. A boat brought 40 of them to Kinsale, but a number of them died, reportedly of the plague.

October 17, 1725

Mermaid

On the 17th of October 1725, the Liverpool ship Mermaid, Captain Townshend, was lost with all her cargo of sugar, near Kinsale. She was bound from St Christopher’s


November, 1725

Wharton

On November 23, 1725, it was reported that the Wharton, James Wharry Master, from Virginia for Glasgow, was lately lost near Youghal, in Ireland.

December 25, 1724

Three Unnamed Vessels

On Saturday January 23 1725, it was reported that on Christmas Day, three ships were lost at the Cove, and all the men belonging one of them were drowned except one.

October 29, 1726

Unnamed from Cork

On the 29th of October 1726 a Cork ship, was lost in Cork. She was laden with copper and iron, but the crew got ashore safely.


May 1728

HMS Assistance

HMS Assistance, a 50-gun fourth rate frigate ran aground coming out of Cork Harbour in May 1728. It was recorded that HMS Revenge was ordered to stay behind to assist her. The Assistance survived to 1845.

February 1729

Two Unnamed Ships

On the 26th of February 1729 a violent storm struck the Cork coast. An unnamed galley of about 180 tons was forced against the rocks about four miles eastward of Kinsale and all on board were drowned.
During the same storm another ship, from Bordeaux, was swamped and abandoned off the Old Head of Kinsale.

November 1730

Unnamed Danish Ship

On Wednesday November 25th, 1730 it was reported that a Danish outward bound East India ship was cast away near Cork. She was of 300 tons and it was stated that “the insurers here will be great losers”

May 1732

Mary

On May 11th , 1732 it was reported that the Mary, Captain Ward, bound from Oporto, in Portugal, to Dungarvan was stranded near Cork.

November 24th, 1735

Prince of Orange

On the 24th of November, 1735, the Prince of Orange, Captain . Playters, was forced on shore, at Cork. It was later stated that she was gotten off without much damage. The Prince of Orange was on route from Jamaica.

January 1736

Unnamed Dutch vessel
Unnamed West Indiaman
Unnamed ship for Lisbon


On Saturday January 17 1736 it was reported that on the previous week three ships were lost between Youghal and Cork Harbour. One was Dutch with a cargo of wine and Pieces of Eight. The second was a West India-Man. The third was a ship bound to Lisbon, containing firkins of butter.

April 04, 1737

Hector

On the 4th of April 1737, the 300 ton Hector of London, was lost four leagues to the west  of Youghal Harbour. The master, Jonas Spurn, and eight crewmen were lost, with three saved.

November 1739

Unnamed from New England

On November 28 1739 it was reported that a ship from New England was lost on the Cow and Calf Rocks (at Roches Point). It was stated that she had a great number of passengers on board, all of whom perished, and the crew except four.


December 1739

Squire
John Leange
Unnamed from Cork

On Tuesday 4th of December, three shipwrecks were reported on the coast of Youghal. The first was a ship from Virginia, called the Squire, with tobacco and staves. The Barnstable ship John Leange, with coal, stranded 4 miles from Youghal. There was also an unnamed ship from Cork with tallow and hides for Rotterdam.


December 1739

Unity

The Sloop Unity, of Southampton, was stranded two miles east of Cork Harbour in December 1739. Local people plundered the wreck and began dismantling it. In April 1740, one man, John Fleming was sentenced to be hanged for the offence.


May 05, 1742

Stephen

On the 5th of May 1742 the Stephen of Milford ran on to Youghal Bar in a gale. The ship went to pieces in minutes, but the crew were rescued by the longboat from the Besborough which was moored in Youghal.

November 1743

Shelden

On Thursday, 1st of December 1743, it was reported that the Shelden, master Orpin was lost on the Giant Stairs near Monkstown. She was on route from London to Jamaica via Cork.

January 1749

Speedwell

The Speedwell, master Murphy, was on route from Dublin to Bordeaux in January 1749. In a severe gale she lost her rudder and topmast, and was driven ashore near Youghal.

January 1749

Concord

On February 10th 1749 it was reported that the Concord, master MacNamarra, of Bristol, from Cork to Honduras, was lost to the west of the Old Head of Kinsale. The Master, one Mate, and three men only were saved.

February 1749

Vessel from Jamaica

On February 15th 1749 it was reported that a vessel from Jamaica, for Liverpool, had been lost near Cork. It was stated that all on board had been saved.

April 1749

Friendship

On Tuesday April 18th 1749 it was reported that the Friendship. Master Robinson, for Gibraltar from Cork was lost off the Old Head near Cork

February 1750

Unnamed ship from Jamaica

On the 13th of February 1750, it s reported that a ship from Jamaica bound to Liverpool was ‘entirely lost’ near Cork.

February 15, 1750

Three Brothers

On the 15th of February 1750, it was reported that the Three Brothers, master Atley, from Dublin to Madeira and Carolina, was stranded near the Cove of Cork.

December 22, 1750

Twins

On the 18th of December 1750 it was reported that the Twins, master Swaine, from Nantz, was lost at Roberts Cove, in the Harbour of Cork.

January 1752

Wimbledon

On January 11th 1752 it was reported that the Wimbledon, master Thompson, from Seville for Dublin was stranded near Cork.

January 1753

Unnamed Liverpool Slave Ship
(probably the Lovely Betty)

On the 26th of January 1753 it was reported that the Lovely Betty, Jackson, from Africa, last from North Carolina, for Liverpool, was lost off Kinsale. The captain and the rest of the crew drowned.

 

March 1754

Unnamed French Ship

On March 09th 1754 it was reported that a large French ship, name unknown, was lost near Cork Harbour and every soul on board perished. It was thought that some of the cargo would be saved.

October 1755

Joseph

On October 18 1755, it was reported that the Joseph, master Rooke, on route from Peterburgh to Cork, ran onto an anchor in Cork Harbour, filled with water and had 32 tons of her cargo damaged.

September 22, 1757

English Oak

On Sep 22nd 1757, it was reported that the English Oak, master Ruxby, from Philadelphia was overset in Cork Harbour. It was feared that she would be totally lost.

September 02, 1758

Mercury

On the 02nd of September 1758, the Mercury, from Rio de Janiero, bound for Hamburg, was lost below the giants Stairs in Passage. All on board were saved.

November 1758

Mary

On the 11th of November 1758 it was reported that the Nostra Signora de la Conception, alias Mary of Waterford, from Dublin to Cadiz, was lost near Cork. The captain and one of the sailors perished.

December, 1758

Pembroke

On Thursday December 7th 1758 it was reported that the Pembroke, from Bristol to New York was lost off Roberts Cove, near Cork. 12 men were drowned.

December, 1758

Oswego

On Thursday December 7th 1758 it was reported that the Oswego, from Bristol to New York, was lost off Youghal.

December 1759

Unknown

In the last week of December 1759, a vessel from London to Yarmouth, with wine and brandy, sunk in Ballycotton Bay. The Captain and four of the crew were saved.


March 12, 1762

James

On Friday March 12th 1762 it was reported that the James, master Long, of Glasgow, one of the fleet bound for the Weft-Indies was coming out of Cork, she ran aground on the Spit Bank in Cork harbour, and ‘became so leaky that she could not proceed’.

April 02, 1762

Unnamed from N America
Mercury
Unnamed from Guadalupe
Three unnamed from Lisbon

In March 1762 it was reported that the Mercury, master Mackintosh, from Jamaica to Bristol was lost off Youghal. The captain and mate were drowned. One ship from North America, one from Guadalupe, and three from Lisbon were all lost near Cork.

November, 1762

Unnamed Sloop

On Tuesday 2nd of November 1762, press reports stated that a sloop, from Antigua to Liverpool, was lost on Ballycotton Island. The crew were all saved.

November,
1762

Norwegian Vessel
Several UnnamedVessels


On Wednesday 10th of November 1762,it was reorted that during a violent storm, several vessels were lost off Cork harbour, including a Norwegian ship of over 500tons, which was wrecked and all the crew except the carpenter perished. Contemporary accounts also related that ‘Several ships are missing of which no account has been received’.

January 1763

Unnamed from Newfoundland

On Monday 24th of January 1763, it was reported that a ship from Newfoundland, with 120 passengers on board, was lost near Youghal.

December 1763

Unnamed Collier and Unknown

On the 26th of December 1763, it was reported that a collier, master Vernon, was lost off Ballyotton.

In the same storm it was reported that nine boats which lay at anchore near Cove were wrecked and some lives lost.

December 1764

Union

On January 10th 1764 it was reported that the Union, master Harvey, from Bristol for Limerick and Galway, was lost at Cork, in late December.


December 1765

Britannia

On January 15th 1765 it was reported that the Britannia, master Horrie, from Dublin and Liverpool to Colchester, was stranded in Ballycotton Bay, and “everything destroyed by the country people”

August 31, 1766

Thomas

On September 5th 1766, the brig Thomas of Dublin, Captain Stewart, from Barbadoes, was stranded at Rocky Bay, about two miles from the entrance of Cork Harbour. Part of the cargo was saved but the vessel went to pieces, and two of the crew were drowned.

November 1766

Adventure

Cork, Nov.14. "Last Tuesday night, the Adventure, Capt Bourke, from Bristol for Bolton, with a valuable cargo on board, was stranded in Clay-Castle Bay near Youghall ; The chief part of the cargo, with the vessels masts, anchors and cables have since been since saved, and it’s hoped the vessel may be got off".

November 1767

Unnamed Vessel

Press reports of Thursday 26th of November 1767 stated that the remains of a wreck were lately cast on shore near the Cove of Cork

January 1768

Ship from Memel

On the 25th of January it was reported that a ship bound from Memel on the Baltic to Cork ran ashore on the western side of Cork Harbour. The ship was reckoned to be a total loss and the cargo ‘in great danger’

January 1768

Ann and Mary

Press reports of the 25th of January 1768, stated that the Ann and Mary, master Stewart, from Casco Bay, was reported on shore near the Old Head, Kinsale. The ship was lost but the cargo was saved.

February 1768

Industry

On February 3rd 1768,it was reported that the Industry, from Boston to Lacaster, was forced on shore to the westward of Cork and was likely to be lost.

April 11th, 1768

Pompey

On the 11th of April 1768 the Pompey, from Antigua to Cork ran on the spit of rocks to the westward of Kinsale and was totally lost. All her crew perished.

November 4th, 1772

Speedwell

On the the night of the 4th of November 1772, the Speedwell was bound from Tralee to Cork laden with butter. In a gale she was driven on shore at Ringabella in Cork Harbour; but by throwing out about 100 casks of butter, most of which was again recovered, she was gotten off the next day without injury.

December 5, 1772

Philadelphia

On the 5th of December 1772 the ship Philadelphia, from London to Liverpool, in going out of the harbour of Youghal, struck the bar; she was got off the next day, but in coming , being damaged and water logged, struck a rock, on which she lies within the harbour


February 1773

Kelp Vessel

"Corke, March 1. Last week a vessel loaded with kelp, was overset in a hard gale of wind, between Ballycotton and the harbour’s mouth, and every soul on board perished".

March 28th, 1773

Wilding

On March 28th 1773, the Wilding, bound to Africa from Liverpool, entered Cork Harbour and ran up on the Spit Bank. This was done as the ship had begun to take on water at sea and was in danger of foundering. It was reported that there was six feet of water in the hold.

January 1774

Nancy

Dublin, Jan. 25.1774 -On the previous Tuesday, in a violent storm, the brig Nancy, from Chepstow, Eilliams, master, bound to Aire, was stranded near Ballycotton island . The crew took to their boat, got on shore near Cloyne


January 25 1775

Polly
Geddes

There was a heavy gale on the Cork Coast on January 25th 1775. The schooner Polly, from Newfoundland to Waterford, was lost a mile eastward of Ballycroneen Bay The Captain and three others were lost and four saved.
In the same gale the brigantine
Geddes, Nicholson, master, laden with wheat from Maryland to Liverpool, was driven ashore also in Ballycroneen Bay. The crew and passengers were saved with some difficulty, but it was thought the vessel would be lost

January 16, 1775

January 16,1775

Hen and Chickens

On the 16th of January 1775, a desterted sloop named the Hen and Chickens was towed into Youghal by a fishing boat. She was awash, and holes had been made in her counter-stern. She was found beteween Cable Island and Ballycotton. Her captain and crew were taken, together with the owner to the county jail

October , 1775

Charming Sally

On Tuesday 2nd of October 1775, it was reported that the Charming Sally, master Jones, of London was overset in Cork Harbour. It was feared that she would be lost.

December 22, 1775

Rockingham

On December 22 1775, the transport Marquis of Rockingham was wrecked near Nohoval. There were three companies of the 32nd Regiment on board. 90 soldiers along with the Captain and crew were lost.

January 28 1776

Two whaleboats

On the 28th of January 1776 a violent gale struck Cork. There were a number of transports in the harbour two of which ran foul of each other. Two men of war boats (whaleboats) sank in the harbour with the loss of twenty two men.

February 1776

Rialto

On February 13th 1776, it was reported that the Rialto, master Tapscor, was totally lost in Kinsale Harbour. The Railto was on a voyage from Jamaica, bound for Bristol.

 

March 1776


Lark

On March 18th 1776 it was reported that the Lark, master Kelsig, had kept too close to the shore entering the harbour and had run on the Smith’s Rocks, near Ballycotton. The ship sunk instantly, and the crew were all saved by jumping into the ship’s boat

March 1777

Hibernia

On Tuesday 4th of March 1777,the Hibernia, master Knethell, from Bristol to Cork was reported lost near Kinsale. The crew were saved.

May 07, 1779

Snapper

The Snapper, an English Privateer in turning out of Cork harbour on the 22nd of April 1779 ‘Missed Stays, and drove on shore on the rocks, where she received considerable damage; It was stated ‘If the weather proves favourable she may be got off’

April 09, 1780

Betty

On the 9th of April 1780, the Betty, master Grigg, of Belfast struck on a rock near Cork Harbour. Reports feared that she would be lost, but hoped that most of the cargo would be saved. The Betty was on a voyage from Mediterranean Waters to the West Indies.


October 13, 1781

James

On October 13th 1781 a Dunkirk privateer called L’Agile chased the Kinsale sloop James, into Ballycotton Bay and grounded her. The captain of the L’Agile told the master of the James that if he did not ransom his vessel he would burn her. Daniel Cullinane the master of the James agreed, for 100 Guineas, and was set free.

January 05, 1782

Isabella

On Saturday 5th of January 1782, the Isabella, master Robinson, was reported on shore near the Cove of Cork. It was feared that the Isabella would ‘receive damage’

 

May 1782

Kelp Vessel

On Thursday 2nd of May 1782 it was reported that a vessel laden with Kelp was overset in a gale between Ballycoton and Cork Harbour. Every person on board was lost.


September 21, 1782

 Juno

On Tuesday 24th of September 1782, The Juno, master White, of Bristol was reported lost in Cork Harbour, after landing part of her cargo.

November 1784

Prince William

On Thursday 25th of November 1784, it was reported that the William from London to Cork, sunk going into Cork Harbour. The crew and part of the cargo were saved.

December 14, 1785

Peggy

The Peggy, master Tyndal, from Virginia to Whitehaven, drove on shore at the entrance of Youghall Harbour on the 14th of Jan 1786. She received much damage: the cargo landing.

January 1786

Thomas and William

On Tuesday 10th of January, 1786, the Thomas and William, master Jones, from Bristol to Cork, overset at Cork and filled with water.

January 1786

William and Margaret

On January 17th 1786 it was reported that the William and Margaret, master Power, from Dungarven to Liverpool, was lost near Youghal.

 

March 10, 1787

Unnamed Vessel

On the 10th of March 1787 a severe south-westerly gale hit the south coast of Ireland. A convoy of thirty five ships left Cork for the West Indies and it was thought that the greater part of them was lost. In Cork Harbour there were uncommonly heavy seas. One vessel was driven on shore, and many others were only saved through the exertions of their crew.

December 22 1787

Hope

On the 22nd of December 1787, in a severe gale of wind, the brigantine Hope of Waterford, Thomas Walsh master, bound to London, was stranded near the harbour of Youghal. The cargo was saved by the exertions of the people, but the vessel was badly damaged and it was feared would not be gotten off.

December 1788

Friendship

On Monday 29th of December 1788, the Friendship, master Thompson, from Cork to the Straits, was reported stranded near Cork.


October 06, 1789

Hector

On Thursday October 8th 1789, it was reported that the Hector,master Robinet, was lost at the Cove of Cork.

October 22, 1789.

Whaleboat

On Monday October 20th 1879 a severe gale struck Cork, three Artillery men belonging to Camden Fort, and a civilian , were crossing in an open boat between Carlisle Fort and Camden.
At the mouth of the harbour in a heavy sea, the boat capsized, and the civilian and two of the soldiers were drowned. The third soldier survived.

November 26, 1790


Mary


On Friday 26th of November 1790, the hooker Mary was lost off Robert’s Cove. All four crew and their single passenger were lost.

December 1790

Juno

On December 10th, 1790, it was reported that the Juno, master White, on route from Bristol to Cork, was lost near Cork.


June 01, 1791

Britannia

On Tuesday 31st May 1791, it was reported that the yacht Britannia, master Tool. On route from Bristol to Cork had run on shore in Cork Harbour.

January 1792

Douglas
Daniel and Harriet

On Thursday 26th January 1792, it was reported that the Douglas, bound for Jamaica,was lost outside Cork Harbour. The same report stated that the Daniel and Harriet with all the vessels crew was lost near Kinsale

February 1793

Active

On February 18th, 1793 it was reported that the Active, master Downey, from Bristol and Wales to Cork, was totally lost near Cork.

November 03, 1793

Naval Whaleboat

On Sunday 10th of November, 1793, soldiers of the 43rd regiment, along with some sailors were returning to their troop ship when their whaleboat overturned. Eight soldiers and sailors were drowned. Two survived.

October 1794

Industry

On October 20th 1794,it was reported that the sloop Industry, master John Hackett, from Malaga to Cork, ran on shore at Passage. It was stated that the cargo would have to be landed

November 1794

Mary

On Saturday November 29th 1794 it was reported that the Mary, master Nicolls, from Bideford to Cork, was lost in a violent gale near Kinsale. The crew were recorded as saved.

December 1794

Nancy

On an unknown date in December 1794, the Nancy, master Collins, from Swansea to Cork was lost near the Old Head of Kinsale.

Winter 1794

Two Friends

On December 16th 1794, John Allen of Ringaskiddy was committed to the North Jail, by Mayor, John Thompson Esq. He was convicted as master of the Sloop Two Friends of scuttling the ship at the harbour’s mouth after robbing the cargo.

January 1795

Unnamed Brigantine

On Saturday night the 3rd of January 1795, an unnamed brigantine was lost at Ballycotton Bay, It was stated that everyone on board was supposed to have perished.

March 1795

HMS Swiftsure

In 1795, the 74-gun HMS Swiftsure, was stationed at Cork for convoying duties. On an unknown date in March, she forcibly struck on the Harbour Rock. The blow was do great that her false keel was carried away.

January 1796

HMS Hindustan and others

On the 27th of January 1796 a gale swept the Cork coast.In Cork Harbour. HMS Hindostan dragged anchors and ran down the frigate HMS Santa Margaretta. The collision was so great that the Santa Margaretta lost all her three masts and bowspit and the two ships ended up engangled until the 29th of January. The Hindustan had to go to Kinsale for refitting and the Santa Margaretta had to be sent under jury-rig to Plymouth for repairs.

During the same storm two merchant ships went ashore, and several others drifted and collided with each other

February 1796

HMS Canada

In February 1796, HMS Canada, a 74 gun third rate ship of the line, had a lucky escape from disaster. In coming in to Cork Harbour in heavy weather, she ran on shore near the Dognose, on the eastern part of the harbour. The 16 gun sloop HMS Penguin, Captain Pulling, anchored abreast of the Canada, and managed to pull her off. Luckily the Canada was undamaged

February 12, 1796

Stag

The cutter Stag was lost on the rocks of Crosshaven near the Cove of Cork on the 2nd of February 1796

April 1796


Unnamed from Oporto

On April 11th 1796, it was feared that a vessel from Oporto, Portugal, had been lost on the coast near Cork. Several pipes of wine had been recovered by local fishing boats, both to the east and west of the mouth of Cork Harbour.


July 15, 1796

HMS Trompeuse

The brig-sloop, HMS Trompeuse went ashore on the Farmers Rock, Kinsale on Friday 15th of July 1796. She had been anchored awaiting a boat when she dragged her anchors in a southerly wind and grounded. She was partially dismantled on the spot , but the hull was abandoned.

February 1797

Maria Christiana

On February 1st 1797 it was reported that an unnamed Galliot, belonging to Stettin, from Oporto to Liverpool, was on shore near the Old Head, Kinsale. she was later named as the Maria Christiana

March 1797

Queen of Naples

On March 10th 1797, it was reported that the Queen of Naples, master Vining, from Liverpool to Lisbon, was lost in Youghal Bay

October 1798

Active

On October 19th 1798 it was reported that the Active, master Davis, from Liverpool to Martinico, had been ashore in Cork and received much damage.

November 17, 1798

Eliza
Castor
Bee

On November 17th 1798, it was reported that the Eliza, master Fortune, the Bee,master Parker, and the Castor, had all driven ashore in Cork and must unload.

December 1798

Boyd

On Thursday December 6th 1798, it was reported that the Boyd, master Leighton, from Bristol to Cork was stranded near the Old Head of Kinsale. All the crew and passengers were reported saved.

December 1798

Dispatch

On Thursday December 6th, 1798, it was reported that the Dispatch, master Squire, from Barnstaple to Cork, was on shore near Kinsale.

December 1798

Charlotte

On December 29th 1798, it was reported that the Charlotte, master Williams, was lost off Cork Harbour. Only one boy was saved.

February 13, 1799

Fishing Boat

On Wednesday 13th of February 1799, a fishing boat with her entire crew of five was lost near Youghal Harbour.

February 07, 1799

Vessel from Newry
(Rose in June)


On Thursday 14th of February 1799, an unnamed vessel from Newry, bound for London, was lost near Youghal Harbour. The Captain was the only survivor. The vessel was later named as the Rose in June.

February 1799

Beaver

On February 22nd 1799 it was reported that the Beaver, master Walters, from Limerick to Hull, was on shore near Cork, but was expected to be gotten off.

March 1799

Alligator

On March the 6th 1799, it was reported that the Alligator, master Harris, form Portsmouth New Hampshire to Cork, was on shore near Kinsale.

Shipwreck List
18th Century

IRISH WRECK LEGISLATION

Wrecks over 100 years old and archaeological objects found underwater are protected under the National Monuments (Amendment) Acts 1987 and 1994. Significant wrecks less than 100 years old can be designated by Underwater Heritage Order (UHO) on account of their historical, archaeological or artistic importance as is the case with the wreck of the RMS Lusitania lost off the Old Head of Kinsale in 1915. UHOs can also be used to designate areas of seabed or land covered by water to more clearly define and protect wreck sites and archaeological objects.

Under the legislation all diving on known protected wreck sites or with the intention of searching for underwater cultural heritage is subject to licensing requirements.

https://www.archaeology.ie/underwater-archaeology